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- Partizan was founded on October 4, 1945, as part of the Yugoslav Sports Association, and was named after the partisans, the communist military formation during the World War II in Yugoslavia. The club is still a member of the same sports association, which includes 25 clubs in different sports, as well as the Football Association of Serbia, but it has complete independence regarding organisation, management, finances, material goods and facilities.
The club was initially formed under the Yugoslav People's Army, and the stadium was named Stadion JNA (Stadium of Yugoslav People's Army). In the early 50's, the club became independent from the Army. The first international match was played on December 6, 1945, against CSKA Moscow (then known as CDKA).
Partizan participated in the first ever Champions Cup match, that took place on September 3, 1955 in Lisbon against Sporting. The final result was 3-3. Partizan also became the first club from Eastern Europe to have played in a European Cup final against Real Madrid, after eliminating Manchester United in the semifinals. In more recent years, the club played in the 2003-04 UEFA Champions League, after eliminating Newcastle United in the last qualifying round. Partizan also played in the round of 16 of the UEFA Cup in 2004-05.
Partizan's current colors are black and white, after wearing blue and red for the first thirteen years.
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- * National Championships (20)
o SFR Yugoslavia Champions (11): 1946-47, 1948-49, 1960-61, 1961-62, 1962-63, 1964-65, 1975-76, 1977-78, 1982-83, 1985-86, 1986-87
o FR Yugoslavia / Serbia and Montenegro Champions (8): 1992-93, 1993-94, 1995-96, 1996-97, 1998-99, 2001-02, 2002-03, 2004-05
o [b][u]Champions of Serbia : 2007-08, 2008-09, 2010-11, 2011-12, 2012-13[b][u]
* National Cup (10)
o SFR Yugoslavia Cup winners (5): 1947, 1952, 1954, 1957, 1989
o FR Yugoslavia / Serbia and Montenegro Cup winners (4): 1992, 1994, 1998, 2001
o Serbian Cup winners (1): 2008, 2009, 2011
Internationally, Partizan was the runner-up in the European Cup in 1966, winner of the Mitropa Cup in 1978, quarterfinalist of the European Cup in 1964, quarterfinalist of the Cup Winners' Cup in 1989, and have reached the round-of-16 stage in the UEFA Cup four times.
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- Partizan's supporters, the Grobari (Gravediggers), were formed in 1970. The nickname itself was given by their biggest rivals (the Delije of Red Star Belgrade, referring to the club's mostly black colors which were similar to the official uniforms of cemetery undertakers. The other theory is that the name arrives from Partizan's stadium street name - Humska (Graves). They support all clubs in the Sports Association Partizan. In 1999, the organized supporters who traditionally occupy the south stands at the stadium split into two groups. The newly formed group named JuÅ¾ni Front (South Front) accused several top members of the Grobari organization for abusing their privileges, and the club itself for favoring those individuals. In 2006, they settled their differences and today there are three major fan groups: JuÅ¾ni Front, Grobari 1970 and Grobari Beograd. From 2005 until 2007, fan groups boycotted all Partizan matches until sports director Nenad BjekoviÄ‡ and general secretary Å½arko ZeÄeviÄ‡ resigned, which was their main goal. BjekoviÄ‡ finally resigned in May and ZeÄeviÄ‡ in September 2007. As a result of their demands being accepted, the Grobari returned to the stands of Stadion Partizana.
Stadium and Sports Centre
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- Partizan Stadium
The club's stadium is now named Stadion Partizana, although it was known as Stadion JNA (Stadium of the Yugoslav People's Army) for most of its history, and is still sometimes called that. The stadium seated approximately 55,000 people before UEFA's law of having seats across the entire stadium. The current capacity is 32,710 people.
The stadium was used from the mid-fifties until 1987 as the final point of yearly festivities called the Day of Youth. Each year on May 25th, the baton of the Relay of Youth was finally passed into the hands of Josip Broz Tito, president of Yugoslavia.
The sports centre Partizan-Teleoptik, also known as "Zemunelo" (the name being composed to show the resemblance to A.C. Milan's sports centre, Milanello), is situated on the surface of almost 10 hectares, in the west part of Zemun, on the intersection of two major highways and in vicinity of the airport. Regarding functionality, architectural solutions, modern equipment and building materials used, this centre is among sports buildings of the highest value in Europe. At present, it's a training and preparatory base of all Partizan selections, consisting of around six hundred sportsmen beginning with the first team, through the 2nd division team of Teleoptik, down to the youngest categories of the large Partizan family.
The stadium is expected to be redesigned by Swiss firm Mob Lab. The new capacity is to be approximately 45,000 seats and will include a very modern business park filled with hotels and office buildings.